private Service getService(File base) throws Exception {
    File dataFile = new File(base, "data");
    if (!dataFile.isFile()) return null;

    ServiceData data = getData(ServiceData.class, dataFile);
    return new Service(this, data);
  }
 void put(final URI uri, ArtifactData data) throws Exception {
   reporter.trace("put %s %s", uri, data);
   File tmp = createTempFile(repoDir, "mtp", ".whatever");
   tmp.deleteOnExit();
   try {
     copy(uri.toURL(), tmp);
     byte[] sha = SHA1.digest(tmp).digest();
     reporter.trace("SHA %s %s", uri, Hex.toHexString(sha));
     ArtifactData existing = get(sha);
     if (existing != null) {
       reporter.trace("existing");
       xcopy(existing, data);
       return;
     }
     File meta = new File(repoDir, Hex.toHexString(sha) + ".json");
     File file = new File(repoDir, Hex.toHexString(sha));
     rename(tmp, file);
     reporter.trace("file %s", file);
     data.file = file.getAbsolutePath();
     data.sha = sha;
     data.busy = false;
     CommandData cmddata = parseCommandData(data);
     if (cmddata.bsn != null) {
       data.name = cmddata.bsn + "-" + cmddata.version;
     } else data.name = Strings.display(cmddata.title, cmddata.bsn, cmddata.name, uri);
     codec.enc().to(meta).put(data);
     reporter.trace("TD = " + data);
   } finally {
     tmp.delete();
     reporter.trace("puted %s %s", uri, data);
   }
 }
  public List<CommandData> getCommands(File commandDir) throws Exception {
    List<CommandData> result = new ArrayList<CommandData>();

    if (!commandDir.exists()) {
      return result;
    }

    for (File f : commandDir.listFiles()) {
      CommandData data = getData(CommandData.class, f);
      if (data != null) result.add(data);
    }
    return result;
  }
  public List<ServiceData> getServices(File serviceDir) throws Exception {
    List<ServiceData> result = new ArrayList<ServiceData>();

    if (!serviceDir.exists()) {
      return result;
    }

    for (File sdir : serviceDir.listFiles()) {
      File dataFile = new File(sdir, "data");
      ServiceData data = getData(ServiceData.class, dataFile);
      result.add(data);
    }
    return result;
  }
 public void init() throws IOException {
   URL s = getClass().getClassLoader().getResource(SERVICE_JAR_FILE);
   if (s == null)
     if (underTest) return;
     else throw new Error("No " + SERVICE_JAR_FILE + " resource in jar");
   service.getParentFile().mkdirs();
   IO.copy(s, service);
 }
  public ArtifactData get(byte[] sha) throws Exception {
    String name = Hex.toHexString(sha);
    File data = IO.getFile(repoDir, name + ".json");
    reporter.trace("artifact data file %s", data);
    if (data.isFile()) { // Bin + metadata
      ArtifactData artifact = codec.dec().from(data).get(ArtifactData.class);
      artifact.file = IO.getFile(repoDir, name).getAbsolutePath();
      return artifact;
    }
    File bin = IO.getFile(repoDir, name);
    if (bin.exists()) { // Only bin
      ArtifactData artifact = new ArtifactData();
      artifact.file = bin.getAbsolutePath();
      artifact.sha = sha;
      return artifact;
    }

    return null;
  }
  private String listSupportFiles(List<File> toDelete) throws Exception {
    Formatter f = new Formatter();
    try {
      if (toDelete == null) {
        toDelete = new ArrayList<File>();
      }
      int precount = toDelete.size();
      File confFile = IO.getFile(platform.getConfigFile()).getCanonicalFile();
      if (confFile.exists()) {
        f.format("    * %s \t0 Config file%n", confFile);
        toDelete.add(confFile);
      }

      String result = (toDelete.size() > precount) ? f.toString() : null;
      return result;
    } finally {
      f.close();
    }
  }
  private String listFiles(final File cache, List<File> toDelete) throws Exception {
    boolean stopServices = false;
    if (toDelete == null) {
      toDelete = new ArrayList<File>();
    } else {
      stopServices = true;
    }
    int count = 0;
    Formatter f = new Formatter();

    f.format(" - Cache:%n    * %s%n", cache.getCanonicalPath());
    f.format(" - Commands:%n");
    for (CommandData cdata : getCommands(new File(cache, COMMANDS))) {
      f.format("    * %s \t0 handle for \"%s\"%n", cdata.bin, cdata.name);
      toDelete.add(new File(cdata.bin));
      count++;
    }
    f.format(" - Services:%n");
    for (ServiceData sdata : getServices(new File(cache, SERVICE))) {
      if (sdata != null) {
        f.format("    * %s \t0 service directory for \"%s\"%n", sdata.sdir, sdata.name);
        toDelete.add(new File(sdata.sdir));
        File initd = platform.getInitd(sdata);
        if (initd != null && initd.exists()) {
          f.format("    * %s \t0 init.d file for \"%s\"%n", initd.getCanonicalPath(), sdata.name);
          toDelete.add(initd);
        }
        if (stopServices) {
          Service s = getService(sdata);
          try {
            s.stop();
          } catch (Exception e) {
          }
        }
        count++;
      }
    }
    f.format("%n");

    String result = (count > 0) ? f.toString() : null;
    f.close();
    return result;
  }
  /**
   * @param data
   * @param target
   * @throws Exception
   * @throws IOException
   */
  public String createCommand(CommandData data, boolean force) throws Exception, IOException {

    // TODO
    // if (Data.validate(data) != null)
    // return "Invalid command data: " + Data.validate(data);

    Map<String, String> map = null;
    if (data.trace) {
      map = new HashMap<String, String>();
      map.put("java.security.manager", "aQute.jpm.service.TraceSecurityManager");
      reporter.trace("tracing");
    }
    String s = platform.createCommand(data, map, force, service.getAbsolutePath());
    if (s == null) storeData(new File(commandDir, data.name), data);
    return s;
  }
  /**
   * Constructor
   *
   * @throws IOException
   */
  public JustAnotherPackageManager(Reporter reporter, Platform platform, File homeDir, File binDir)
      throws IOException {
    this.platform = platform;
    this.reporter = reporter;
    this.homeDir = homeDir;
    if (!homeDir.exists() && !homeDir.mkdirs())
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Could not create directory " + homeDir);

    repoDir = IO.getFile(homeDir, "repo");
    if (!repoDir.exists() && !repoDir.mkdirs())
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Could not create directory " + repoDir);

    commandDir = new File(homeDir, COMMANDS);
    serviceDir = new File(homeDir, SERVICE);
    commandDir.mkdir();
    serviceDir.mkdir();
    service = new File(repoDir, SERVICE_JAR_FILE);
    if (!service.isFile()) init();

    this.binDir = binDir;
    if (!binDir.exists() && !binDir.mkdirs())
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("Could not create bin directory " + binDir);
  }
  /**
   * Garbage collect repository
   *
   * @throws Exception
   */
  public void gc() throws Exception {
    HashSet<byte[]> deps = new HashSet<byte[]>();

    // deps.add(SERVICE_JAR_FILE);

    for (File cmd : commandDir.listFiles()) {
      CommandData data = getData(CommandData.class, cmd);
      addDependencies(deps, data);
    }

    for (File service : serviceDir.listFiles()) {
      File dataFile = new File(service, "data");
      ServiceData data = getData(ServiceData.class, dataFile);
      addDependencies(deps, data);
    }

    int count = 0;
    for (File f : repoDir.listFiles()) {
      String name = f.getName();
      if (!deps.contains(name)) {
        if (!name.endsWith(".json")
            || !deps.contains(name.substring(0, name.length() - ".json".length()))) { // Remove
          // json
          // files
          // only
          // if
          // the
          // bin
          // is
          // going
          // as
          // well
          f.delete();
          count++;
        } else {

        }
      }
    }
    System.out.format("Garbage collection done (%d file(s) removed)%n", count);
  }
  /**
   * @param data
   * @param target
   * @throws Exception
   * @throws IOException
   */
  public String createService(ServiceData data) throws Exception, IOException {

    File sdir = new File(serviceDir, data.name);
    if (!sdir.exists() && !sdir.mkdirs()) {
      throw new IOException("Could not create directory " + data.sdir);
    }
    data.sdir = sdir.getAbsolutePath();

    File lock = new File(data.sdir, LOCK);
    data.lock = lock.getAbsolutePath();

    if (data.work == null) data.work = new File(data.sdir, "work").getAbsolutePath();
    if (data.user == null) data.user = platform.user();

    if (data.user == null) data.user = "root";

    new File(data.work).mkdir();

    if (data.log == null) data.log = new File(data.sdir, "log").getAbsolutePath();

    // TODO
    // if (Data.validate(data) != null)
    // return "Invalid service data: " + Data.validate(data);

    if (service == null)
      throw new RuntimeException(
          "Missing biz.aQute.jpm.service in repo, should have been installed by init, try reiniting");

    data.serviceLib = service.getAbsolutePath();

    platform.chown(data.user, true, new File(data.sdir));

    String s = platform.createService(data, null, false);
    if (s == null) storeData(new File(data.sdir, "data"), data);
    return s;
  }
  public String what(String key, boolean oneliner) throws Exception {
    byte[] sha;

    Matcher m = SHA_P.matcher(key);
    if (m.matches()) {
      sha = Hex.toByteArray(key);
    } else {
      m = URL_P.matcher(key);
      if (m.matches()) {
        URL url = new URL(key);
        sha = SHA1.digest(url.openStream()).digest();
      } else {
        File jarfile = new File(key);
        if (!jarfile.exists()) {
          reporter.error("File does not exist: %s", jarfile.getCanonicalPath());
        }
        sha = SHA1.digest(jarfile).digest();
      }
    }
    reporter.trace("sha %s", Hex.toHexString(sha));
    Revision revision = library.getRevision(sha);
    if (revision == null) {
      return null;
    }

    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    Formatter f = new Formatter(sb);
    Justif justif = new Justif(120, 20, 70, 20, 75);
    DateFormat dateFormat = DateFormat.getDateInstance();

    try {
      if (oneliner) {
        f.format("%20s %s%n", Hex.toHexString(revision._id), createCoord(revision));
      } else {
        f.format("Artifact: %s%n", revision.artifactId);
        if (revision.organization != null && revision.organization.name != null) {
          f.format(" (%s)", revision.organization.name);
        }
        f.format("%n");
        f.format("Coordinates\t0: %s%n", createCoord(revision));
        f.format("Created\t0: %s%n", dateFormat.format(new Date(revision.created)));
        f.format("Size\t0: %d%n", revision.size);
        f.format("Sha\t0: %s%n", Hex.toHexString(revision._id));
        f.format("URL\t0: %s%n", createJpmLink(revision));
        f.format("%n");
        f.format("%s%n", revision.description);
        f.format("%n");
        f.format("Dependencies\t0:%n");
        boolean flag = false;
        Iterable<RevisionRef> closure = library.getClosure(revision._id, true);
        for (RevisionRef dep : closure) {
          f.format(
              " - %s \t2- %s \t3- %s%n",
              dep.name, createCoord(dep), dateFormat.format(new Date(dep.created)));
          flag = true;
        }
        if (!flag) {
          f.format("     None%n");
        }
        f.format("%n");
      }
      f.flush();
      justif.wrap(sb);
      return sb.toString();
    } finally {
      f.close();
    }
  }
  public boolean hasAccess() {
    assert (binDir != null);
    assert (homeDir != null);

    return binDir.canWrite() && homeDir.canWrite();
  }
  public CommandData getCommand(String name) throws Exception {
    File f = new File(commandDir, name);
    if (!f.isFile()) return null;

    return getData(CommandData.class, f);
  }
  public void deinit(Appendable out, boolean force) throws Exception {
    Settings settings = new Settings(platform.getConfigFile());

    if (!force) {
      Justif justify = new Justif(80, 40);
      StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
      Formatter f = new Formatter(sb);

      try {
        String list = listFiles(platform.getGlobal());
        if (list != null) {
          f.format("In global default environment:%n");
          f.format(list);
        }

        list = listFiles(platform.getLocal());
        if (list != null) {
          f.format("In local default environment:%n");
          f.format(list);
        }

        if (settings.containsKey(JPM_CACHE_GLOBAL)) {
          list = listFiles(IO.getFile(settings.get(JPM_CACHE_GLOBAL)));
          if (list != null) {
            f.format("In global configured environment:%n");
            f.format(list);
          }
        }

        if (settings.containsKey(JPM_CACHE_LOCAL)) {
          list = listFiles(IO.getFile(settings.get(JPM_CACHE_LOCAL)));
          if (list != null) {
            f.format("In local configured environment:%n");
            f.format(list);
          }
        }

        list = listSupportFiles();
        if (list != null) {
          f.format("jpm support files:%n");
          f.format(list);
        }

        f.format("%n%n");

        f.format(
            "All files listed above will be deleted if deinit is run with the force flag set"
                + " (\"jpm deinit -f\" or \"jpm deinit --force\"%n%n");
        f.flush();

        justify.wrap(sb);
        out.append(sb.toString());
      } finally {
        f.close();
      }
    } else { // i.e. if(force)
      int count = 0;
      File[] caches = {platform.getGlobal(), platform.getLocal(), null, null};
      if (settings.containsKey(JPM_CACHE_LOCAL)) {
        caches[2] = IO.getFile(settings.get(JPM_CACHE_LOCAL));
      }
      if (settings.containsKey(JPM_CACHE_GLOBAL)) {
        caches[3] = IO.getFile(settings.get(JPM_CACHE_GLOBAL));
      }
      ArrayList<File> toDelete = new ArrayList<File>();

      for (File cache : caches) {
        if (cache == null || !cache.exists()) {
          continue;
        }
        listFiles(cache, toDelete);
        if (toDelete.size() > count) {
          count = toDelete.size();
          if (!cache.canWrite()) {
            reporter.error(PERMISSION_ERROR + " (" + cache + ")");
            return;
          }
          toDelete.add(cache);
        }
      }
      listSupportFiles(toDelete);

      for (File f : toDelete) {
        if (f.exists() && !f.canWrite()) {
          reporter.error(PERMISSION_ERROR + " (" + f + ")");
        }
      }
      if (reporter.getErrors().size() > 0) {
        return;
      }

      for (File f : toDelete) {
        if (f.exists()) {
          IO.deleteWithException(f);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  public CommandData parseCommandData(ArtifactData artifact) throws Exception {
    File source = new File(artifact.file);
    if (!source.isFile()) throw new FileNotFoundException();

    CommandData data = new CommandData();
    data.sha = artifact.sha;
    data.jpmRepoDir = repoDir.getCanonicalPath();
    JarFile jar = new JarFile(source);
    try {
      reporter.trace("Parsing %s", source);
      Manifest m = jar.getManifest();
      Attributes main = m.getMainAttributes();
      data.name = data.bsn = main.getValue("Bundle-SymbolicName");
      String version = main.getValue("Bundle-Version");
      if (version == null) data.version = Version.LOWEST;
      else data.version = new Version(version);

      data.main = main.getValue("Main-Class");
      data.description = main.getValue("Bundle-Description");
      data.title = main.getValue("JPM-Name");

      reporter.trace("name " + data.name + " " + data.main + " " + data.title);
      DependencyCollector path = new DependencyCollector(this);
      path.add(artifact);
      DependencyCollector bundles = new DependencyCollector(this);
      if (main.getValue("JPM-Classpath") != null) {
        Parameters requires = OSGiHeader.parseHeader(main.getValue("JPM-Classpath"));

        for (Map.Entry<String, Attrs> e : requires.entrySet()) {
          path.add(e.getKey(), e.getValue().get("name")); // coordinate
        }
      } else if (!artifact.local) { // No JPM-Classpath, falling back to
        // server's revision
        // Iterable<RevisionRef> closure =
        // library.getClosure(artifact.sha,
        // false);
        // System.out.println("getting closure " + artifact.url + " " +
        // Strings.join("\n",closure));

        // if (closure != null) {
        // for (RevisionRef ref : closure) {
        // path.add(Hex.toHexString(ref.revision));
        // }
        // }
      }

      if (main.getValue("JPM-Runbundles") != null) {
        Parameters jpmrunbundles = OSGiHeader.parseHeader(main.getValue("JPM-Runbundles"));

        for (Map.Entry<String, Attrs> e : jpmrunbundles.entrySet()) {
          bundles.add(e.getKey(), e.getValue().get("name"));
        }
      }

      reporter.trace("collect digests runpath");
      data.dependencies.addAll(path.getDigests());
      reporter.trace("collect digests bundles");
      data.runbundles.addAll(bundles.getDigests());

      Parameters command = OSGiHeader.parseHeader(main.getValue("JPM-Command"));
      if (command.size() > 1) reporter.error("Only one command can be specified");

      for (Map.Entry<String, Attrs> e : command.entrySet()) {
        data.name = e.getKey();

        Attrs attrs = e.getValue();

        if (attrs.containsKey("jvmargs")) data.jvmArgs = attrs.get("jvmargs");

        if (attrs.containsKey("title")) data.title = attrs.get("title");

        if (data.title != null) data.title = data.name;
      }
      return data;
    } finally {
      jar.close();
    }
  }